Organic farming represents an alternative and more holistic view of agriculture for producing food and designed to optimize the productivity and fitness of diverse communities within the agro-ecosystem, including soil organisms, plants, livestock and humans. Health, ecology, fairness and care are the four basic principles of organic farming.
The main objective of Organic farming is to keep the soil alive without using Chemical Fertilizers or Pesticides. Compared with conventional agriculture, organic farming uses biological pesticides, reduces soil erosion decreases nitrate leaching into groundwater and surface water. It avoids genetically modified organisms and recycles animal wastes back into the farm. The idea behind this technique is to keep all living organisms like earthworm, insects and micro-organism like bacteria, actinomycetes, fungi, protozoa and nematodes alive which helps in growth of the plants.